At first, it can look just like a typical bruise that could heal on its own. It can lead to long-term complications. As a rule of thumb, you should call your doctor if you experience any type of head injury. You might also notice a clear fluid draining from your ears and nose.
What's to know about raccoon eyes?
Doctors Gates: Raccoon eyes ,a sign for basal skull fracture
The temporal bones are paired structures located on the lateral aspects of the skull and contribute to the skull base. Trauma is usually the result of blunt head injury and can result in damage to the brain and meninges, the middle and internal ear, and the facial nerve. Complications can include intracranial hemorrhage, cerebral contusion, CSF leak and meningitis, hearing loss, vertigo, and facial paralysis. To prevent these complications, diagnosis followed by appropriate medical and surgical management is critical. Diagnosis relies primarily on physical signs and symptoms as well as radiographic imaging. Emergent intervention is required in situations involving herniation of the brain into the middle ear cavity or hemorrhage of the intratemporal carotid artery. Patients with declining facial nerve function are candidates for early surgical intervention.
Base of Skull Fracture
Raccoon eyes may be used to describe large dark rings around the eyes. They can signify a few different conditions that cause internal bleeding near the eyes. The condition is not caused by lack of sleep or cosmetics but is the result of a medical condition or injury. Diagnosis, treatment and recovery time depend on what has caused it.
Traumatic brain injury TBI , also referred to as head injury, is acute physical damage to the brain caused by an external impact. TBI is most frequently seen in young children, teenagers, and individuals above the age of Motor vehicle accidents are the most common cause. Although the skull is often fractured in the process, acute cerebral damage can occur even if the skull remains intact. Clinical findings depend on the severity, type, and location of injury.